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Lesson Overview

Lesson Title:
Simple Machines for Historical Transport of Goods

Teachers:
Mrs. Michele Barcelona (Primary)

Brief Description:
This lesson is the second lesson of three under the theme of Historical Transportation of Commerce in the land of the Umonhon (along the Missouri River in North Eastern Nebraska). Students will view a PowerPoint, become familiar with different types of simple machines, and compete in a design challenge.

Topics Introduced:
Trade, Offloading, Simple Machines,
Suggested Grade Levels:
6th Grade
7th Grade
8th Grade
9th Grade
10th Grade

Subjects:
Mathematics
Science
Industrial Technology
Engineering

Lesson Information

Learning Expectations:

Students will:
1. Explore types of machines used in historic times and the forces that act upon them.
2. Explore the history of commerce transportation (loading and unloading) and compare the various types.
3. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of various types of simple machines.
4. Recognize factors to consider when designing a means for unloading a boat.
5. Design, build and test a simple machine or combination of simple machines to offload goods from a boat working from the Design Challenge.

Plan Of Action:

Students will view a PowerPoint presentation and become familiar with simple machines and offloading cargo from ships. They will then design and build a machine that could have been used in history to unload a boat, such as a Keelboat, on the shores of the Missouri River.

Data Set Used:

Students will be given rules and supplies for this activity.

Materials Needed:

You will need planning materials such as pencil and paper.

The following materials may be used, however, based on the challenge you may select alternate materials as available to your classroom setting.

1. Craft Sticks, Skewers, and/or Dowling rods
2. Hot glue guns
3. Hot glue sticks
4. Various tape types (packaging, duct, masking, etc.)
5. Tin foil
6. String and/or Rope
7. Paper cups
8. Various items that could be used as wheels, pulleys, etc.
9. Weights for testing (can use fishing weights, metal washers, river rocks, etc.)
10. Scale sensitive enough to measure by grams.
11. Items fo clean up

Preparation Period:

1. Download, preview, and become familiar with the attached PowerPoint.
Locate, preview, and save videos and images of simple machines in action if you choose to add some for enrichment and comparison.
2. Locate and set up materials for the simple machine test and for the Design Challenge.
3. Preview/Practice different ways to use available materials as a way to unload a ship for the demonstration.

Implementation Period:

PowerPoint 10-15 minutes, Design and Build 15-30 minutes, and Testing 15-30 minutes


Lesson Files

Simple Machines for transport
PPT presentation, Simple Machines to Unload Goods, for this lesson.
[size: 7593379] [date uploaded: Nov 05, 2020, 12:02 pm ]

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